Feb 25, 2021

Brazilian Amazon: Juma descendants of 'last warrior' vow to carry on legacy

Following a series of massacres carried out by rubber tappers and the spread of deadly diseases, the Juma's numbers dwindled until Aruká's family was the only one left. Aruká had three daughters, but with the Juma community already decimated by the time they grew up, all three married men from the Uru-eu-wau-wau indigenous group. In a break with tradition, some of Aruká's grandchildren have decided to identify themselves both as Uru-eu-wau-wau and as Juma. Kuaimbú has incorporated his grandfather's surname into his own and calls himself Kuaimbú Juma Uru-eu-wau-wau, a change he plans to make official soon so it is also reflected in his ID. "I'm a grandson of a Juma, a son of a Juma. I have the right to have Juma in my name," he explains. The last documented massacre of the Juma people was in 1964, when rubber tappers from a nearby community killed dozens of Juma men, the anthropologist says.

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