Eversource Energy (formerly known as Northeast Utilities) is a publicly traded, Fortune 500 energy company headquartered in Hartford, Connecticut and Boston, Massachusetts, with several regulated subsidiaries offering retail electricity, natural gas service and water service to approximately 4 million customers in Connecticut, Massachusetts and New Hampshire.
Long Island Power Authority, commonly abbreviated as LIPA, is a municipal subdivision of the State of New York that owns the electric transmission and distribution system serving all Long Island and a portion of New York City known as the Rockaways. Since January 2014, LIPA has contracted with PSEG Long Island to operate the grid on its behalf. LIPA was originally created under the Long Island Power Act of 1985 to acquire the Long Island Lighting Company's assets and securities after the cancellation of the Shoreham Nuclear Power Plant. LIPA acquired LILCO's transmission and distribution system in May 1998.
The Pacific Gas and Electric Company is an investor-owned electric utility with publicly traded stock that is headquartered in the Pacific Gas & Electric Building in San Francisco. PG&E provides natural gas and electricity to most of the northern two-thirds of California, from Bakersfield almost to the Oregon border which represents 5.2 million households.:27 PG&E is overseen by the California Public Utilities Commission. It is the leading subsidiary of the holding company PG&E Corporation which has a market capitalization of $29.37 billion. It was founded by George H. Roe during the period after California's Gold Rush and by 1984 was the United States "largest electric utility business". In 1952 Charles M. Coleman—who worked for PG&E's publicity department—completed his book entitled P. G. And E. of California: The Centennial Story of Pacific Gas and Electric Company, 1852-1952. PG&E is one of three regulated, investor-owned utilities s in California—the other two being Southern California Edison and Sempra Energy's San Diego Gas & Electric.